YAMATO : Yet Another More Advanced Top-level Ontology
Riichiro Mizoguchi ISIR,Osaka University
This upper ontology has been built and maintained by Riichiro Mizoguchi.
YAMATO was first built in 1999. Since then, it has been refined and revised
several times. Rough introduction to YAMATO is found this article. The
underlying philosophy is extensively discussed in my book on
"Ontological Engineering" published from Ohm-sha in 2005(in Japanese).
YAMATO's features are found in the following three theories on:
Item (1) is discussed in section 3 of the article. Item (2) is discussed in section 4 and
[Mizoguchi 2004] and item (3) is in [Galton 2009]. Althought they are
not reflected in YAMATO, ontology of function is found in [Kitamura 2006]
and theory of roles is found in [Mizoguchi 2007].
- (1) Quality and quantity
- (2) Representations(content-bearing things)
- (3) Objects, processes and events
The current version of YAMATO has been extensively used in several
projects such as development of medical ontology[Kou 2008], ontology of
learning and instructional theories which is the first ontology in the
community [OMNIBUS], ontology of genomics (GXO) [Masuya 2009], modeling
of mobile users' behavior[Sasajima 2008], functional ontology[Kitamura
Any comments and questions are welcome. Please contact <firstname.lastname@example.org>
<Download article and ontology>
[Galton 2009] Galton, A. and R. Mizoguchi: The water falls but the
waterfall does not fall -- New perspectives on objects, processes and
events, Journal of Applied Ontology, Vol.4, No.2, pp.71-107, 2009.
[Kitamura 2006] Yoshinobu Kitamura, Yusuke Koji and Riichiro Mizoguchi:
An Ontological Model of Device Function: Industrial Deployment and
Lessons Learned, Journal of Applied Ontology (Special issue on gFormal
Ontology Meets Industryh), Vol. 1, No. 3-4, pp. 237-262, 2006.
[Kou 08] Hiroko Kou, et al.: A Fundamental Consideration toward
Development of Medical Ontology, Proc. of the 22nd Annual Conference of
the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence, 2E3-01, 2008(in
[Masuya 2009] Hiroshi Masuya and Riichiro Mizoguchi: Toward
integration of mouse phenotype information, The 2nd Interdisciplinary
Ontology Conference, Tokyo, Japan, pp.35-44, 2009
[Mizoguchi 2004] Mizoguchi, R.: Tutorial on ontological engineering -
Part 3: Advanced course of ontological engineering, New Generation
Computing, OhmSha & Springer, Vol.22, No.2, pp.198-220, 2004.
[Mizoguchi 2007] Mizoguchi R., Sunagawa E., Kozaki K. and Kitamura Y.: A
Model of Roles within an Ontology Development Tool: Hozo, J. of Applied
Ontology, Vol.2, No.2, pp.159-179. Sep. 2007.